سورة إبراهيم   

Surah Name: Ibrahim-AS Meaning: Abraham

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Surah Ibrahim-AS is also a Makkan Surah. The hallmark of all Makkan Surahs is the lavish evidence they present of the authenticity of the Prophethood and the Unity of Allah-SWT . The Madni Surahs are comparatively richer in terms of injunctions. This Surah presents the story of Prophet Ibrahim-AS as evidence and is thus named after him-AS.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 7
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 52
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 14
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 6
  • Siparah/ Volume 13


وَقَالَ الشَّيْطَانُ لَمَّا قُضِيَ الأَمْرُ إِنَّ اللّهَ وَعَدَكُمْ وَعْدَ الْحَقِّ وَوَعَدتُّكُمْ فَأَخْلَفْتُكُمْ وَمَا كَانَ لِيَ عَلَيْكُم مِّن سُلْطَانٍ إِلاَّ أَن دَعَوْتُكُمْ فَاسْتَجَبْتُمْ لِي فَلاَ تَلُومُونِي وَلُومُواْ أَنفُسَكُم مَّا أَنَاْ بِمُصْرِخِكُمْ وَمَا أَنتُمْ بِمُصْرِخِيَّ إِنِّي كَفَرْتُ بِمَآ أَشْرَكْتُمُونِ مِن قَبْلُ إِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

Waqala a(l)shshaytanu lamma qudiya alamru inna Allaha waAAadakum waAAda alhaqqi wawaAAadtukum faakhlaftukum wama kana liya AAalaykum min sultanin illa an daAAawtukum fa(i)stajabtum lee fala taloomoonee waloomoo anfusakum maana bimusrikhikum wama antum bimusrikhiyya innee kafartu bima ashraktumooni min qablu inna a(l)ththalimeena lahum AAathabun aleem(un)

And Satan will say, after the affair has been decreed: verily Allaah-SWT . promised you a promise of truth, and I also promised you, then I failed you; and I had over you no authority, save that I called you and you responded to me, so do not reproach me but reproach yourself; I am not going to help you nor are you going to help me; surely I deny your having associated me before. Verily for the wrong­doers there is a torment afflictive.


وَأُدْخِلَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ تَحِيَّتُهُمْ فِيهَا سَلاَمٌ

Waodkhila allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati jannatin tajree min tahtihaalanharu khalideena feeha biithni rabbihim tahiyyatuhum feeha salam(un)

And those who believed and worked righteous works shall be made to enter Gardens with running streams, abiding therein by the Command of their Rabb-SWT ., their greeting there will be: peace!


أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللّهُ مَثَلاً كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاء

Alam tara kayfa daraba Allahu mathalan kalimatan tayyibatan kashajaratintayyibatin asluha thabitun wafarAAuha fee a(l)ssama(i)

Do you not see how Allaah-SWT has propounded the similitude of the clean word? It is like a clean tree, its roots firmly fixed, and its branches reaching the heaven.


تُؤْتِي أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا وَيَضْرِبُ اللّهُ الأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

Tutee okulaha kulla heenin biithni rabbiha wayadribu Allahu alamthala li(l)nnasi laAAallahum yatathakkaroon(a)

Giving its fruit every season by the Command of its Rabb-SWT . And Allaah-SWT . propounds similitudes for mankind that perhaps they may be admonished.


وَمَثلُ كَلِمَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ كَشَجَرَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ اجْتُثَّتْ مِن فَوْقِ الأَرْضِ مَا لَهَا مِن قَرَارٍ

Wamathalu kalimatin khabeethatin kashajaratin khabeethatin ijtuththat min fawqi alardi ma laha min qarar(in)

And the similitude of a foul word is a foul tree, uprooted from upon the earth: there is for it no stability.


يُثَبِّتُ اللّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ وَيُضِلُّ اللّهُ الظَّالِمِينَ وَيَفْعَلُ اللّهُ مَا يَشَاء

Yuthabbitu Allahu allatheena amanoo bi(a)lqawli a(l)ththabiti fee alhayati a(l)ddunyawafee alakhirati wayudillu Allahu a(l)ththalimeena wayafAAalu Allahu ma yasha(o)

Allah-SWT keeps firm those who believe by the firm word in the life of the world and the Akhirah, and Allaah-SWT sends astray the wrong-doers. Allaah-SWT does whatever He-SWT will.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

As a last ray of hope, the condemned lot will turn to their false deities for help, whom they had worshipped all their lives. So on the Day of Judgment when the final verdicts will be pronounced, the non believers will gather around the Satan. They will blame him for their fate and call upon him to ask the idols and also himself help them out of their misery. The Satan will speak out the truth at least on that Day. He will reprimand them and say that Allaah-SWT . had made a true promise to them for eternal salvation, supporting it with undeniable evidence. He will admit that he too had made promises but he had lied to them. Allaah-SWT . invited them to His-SWT . Worship and promised them Jannah in return, while he intervened by alluring them into worldly pleasures and made them repudiate the Akhirah. Moreover, he had no control over them except that he could only whisper. It was they who accepted his lie and rejected the true Promise of Allaah-SWT . and the forthright teachings of His Prophets-AS So who indeed was to be reproached? To be honest, he would say, they should blame themselves for their distress rather than him. He would be of no help to them as he himself will be seized by Allah-SWT's Wrath, nor will they be of any help to him. Moreover he will not acknowledge that they used to worship him as a partner with Allaah-SWT ., for they had no reason to do so. Now they must bear the brunt of their deeds and realize that nothing is in store for the transgressor, save a painful doom.

Those qualifying for the rewards and the levels of His-SWT . Nearness are the believers who act righteously by obeying Allaah-SWT and His-SWT Prophets-AS every action taken in compliance with the Holy Prophet's-SAAW instructions will be an act of piety. They will be admitted to Jannah, a land of eternally green gardens and flowing rivers. The lushness of these gardens will never wane and the residents will never be expelled, as His-SWT . Providence rewards the faithful and the pious stupendously. They will receive greetings of peace and eternal salvation from everywhere.

In order to have a glimpse of His-SWT . Gracious Providence, we may take a look at an analogy. Faith is like a beautiful tree which originates from the depths of the heart. It is like a tree growing in the centre of a garden with its roots deep inside the soil while its trunk high up as if touching the sky. And it is laden with fruits by Allah-SWT's Grace all the time. Similarly the roots of faith are very deep wherefrom sprouts the plant of noble deeds. It keeps on growing taller and taller and bears the fruit of Allah-SWT's Pleasure Who-SWT presents such brilliant similies for people to understand.

The heretic beliefs are foul words based on superstitions, like a wild plant growing on a barren piece of land which can be easily uprooted by a casual touch. It has no roots for support and bears no fruit. Allaah-SWT . blesses the believers with Sabr through the Barakah of Kalimah-e-Tayyebah and because of this they stand fast in this world and at the time of death, in Barzakh as well as on the Day of Reckoning. And all those who choose the path of transgression, rejecting Kalimah-e-Tayyebah, are condemned. These are the natural results of actions as predetermined by the Almighty Allaah-SWT .; Who-SWT . is the Most Powerful and does whatever pleases Him-SWT . No one can even dare to speak in His-SWT Exalted Court.