سورة الرعد   

Surah Name: Ar-R'ad Meaning: The Thunder

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • It is a Makkan Sūrah and is a continuation of the evidence of Allah-SWT ’s Unity and the validity of the Prophethood discussed in the final Āyāt of Sūrah Yūsaf-AS. The Sūrah begins by introducing its contents as part of a unique book in Allah-SWT ’s Own Words and a great miracle in itself. It is beyond human power to produce anything remotely similar to it. All that is revealed in this Book can never ever be proved wrong by any human being. It explains matters pertaining to this temporal life as well as the Ākhirah and dwells at length on diverse topics such as birth, procreation, politics, morality and economics. Moreover, the prophecies it made about various events of the world proved to be right. There is absolutely no reason to ignore its injunctions pertaining to Divinity and the Ākhirah.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 43
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 13
  • Rukū / Section 6 contains Āyāt / Parts 6
  • Siparah/ Volume 13


وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلاً مِّن قَبْلِكَ وَجَعَلْنَا لَهُمْ أَزْوَاجًا وَذُرِّيَّةً وَمَا كَانَ لِرَسُولٍ أَن يَأْتِيَ بِآيَةٍ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِ اللّهِ لِكُلِّ أَجَلٍ كِتَابٌ

Walaqad arsalna rusulan min qablika wajaAAalna lahum azwajan wathurriyyatan wama kana lirasoolin an yatiya biayatin illa biithni Allahi likulli ajalin kitab(un)

Assuredly We-SWT have sent Messengers-AS before you-SW  and We-SWT made for them wives and progeny; and it is not for a Messenger-AS to produce a verse, except by the Command of Allah-SWT; for every term there is a Book.


يَمْحُو اللّهُ مَا يَشَاء وَيُثْبِتُ وَعِندَهُ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ

Yamhoo Allahu ma yashao wayuthbitu waAAindahu ommu alkitab(i)

Allah-SWT abolishes what He-SWT will, and keeps; and with Him-SWT is the mother of the Book.


وَإِن مَّا نُرِيَنَّكَ بَعْضَ الَّذِي نَعِدُهُمْ أَوْ نَتَوَفَّيَنَّكَ فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ الْبَلاَغُ وَعَلَيْنَا الْحِسَابُ

Wain ma nuriyannaka baAAda allathee naAAiduhum aw natawaffayannaka fainnama AAalayka albalaghu waAAalayna alhisab(u)

Whether We-SWT show you-SW  part of what We-SWT have promised them, or We-SWT take you-SW  away, on you-SW  is only the preaching, and on Us-SWT is the reckoning.


أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْاْ أَنَّا نَأْتِي الأَرْضَ نَنقُصُهَا مِنْ أَطْرَافِهَا وَاللّهُ يَحْكُمُ لاَ مُعَقِّبَ لِحُكْمِهِ وَهُوَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ

Awalam yaraw anna natee alarda nanqusuha min atrafiha wa(A)llahu yahkumu lamuAAaqqiba lihukmihi wahuwa sareeAAu alhisab(i)

Do they not see that We-SWT visit the land diminishing it by its borders? Allaah-SWT judges and there is no reviser of His-SWT Judgement; and He-SWT is Swift in reckoning.


وَقَدْ مَكَرَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ فَلِلّهِ الْمَكْرُ جَمِيعًا يَعْلَمُ مَا تَكْسِبُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ وَسَيَعْلَمُ الْكُفَّارُ لِمَنْ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ

Waqad makara allatheena min qablihim falillahi almakru jameeAAan yaAAlamu ma taksibu kullu nafsin wasayaAAlamu alkuffaru liman AAuqba a(l)ddar(i)

And of a surety there plotted those before them, but to Allaah-SWT belongs the plotting entirely. He-SWT Knows what each soul earns. And soon will the infidels know for whom is the happy ending of the Abode.


وَيَقُولُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لَسْتَ مُرْسَلاً قُلْ كَفَى بِاللّهِ شَهِيدًا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ وَمَنْ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ الْكِتَابِ

Wayaqoolu allatheena kafaroo lasta mursalan qul kafa bi(A)llahi shaheedan baynee wabaynakum waman AAindahu AAilmu alkitab(i)

And those who disbelieve say: you-SW are not a sent one. Say you-SW: Allaah-SWT is a sufficient witness between me and you-SW, and also he with whom is knowledge of the Book.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

It is indeed an absurd notion of the infidels that a Prophet-AS, if not an angel, must atleast lead an angelic life. He must not have a wife and a family, not even a house. The ignorant of present times also hold this frivolous view about Wilayah. The Quran rejects such misconceptions at many places including the Ayaat under comment. It asserts that a Prophet-AS leads a normal human life. He also lives through the sizzling summers and the freezing winters while obeying Allaah-SWT . He has to deal with marital affairs, take care of a household, bring up children, maintain friendships, and faces similar problems which hinder him from Allaah-SWT obedience. Hence the practical lives of the Prophets-AS are a living evidence to the fact that in all matters of life, it is not only practical to obey them but also the best course of action.        


The infidels object to polygamy by the Holy Prophet-SW, but the preceding Prophet-AS in whom they believe also had many wives and children. Indeed the excellence of Prophethood is to face life within the perimeters of Allaah-SWT ’s obedience and devotion. It certainly does not mean to concoct or add to Din where some injunctions appear difficult.  Do take note that no Prophet-AS ever adds or subtracts anything from the Divine Injunctions by his choice, nor can he come up with any miracle at his own. The entire control is with the Omnipotent, Who-SWT does whatever pleases Him-SWT . The world is not governed by chance but runs according to a deliberate plan scribed in the Guarded Tablet well before its creation.


If any Injunctions or Ayaah is changed, abrogated, or replaced by a new one, it does not suggest that Allaah-SWT just found out about something and thus changed the previous words. Rather, He-SWT is well Aware of everything from the very beginning of time, and knows which injunction would be valid until what time, and when would it be amended or replaced. He-SWT abrogates and retains whatever pleases Him-SWT , as the Real Book is with Him-SWT in which are recorded all the events of the past, present and the future of every individual. It speaks of when and where each individual will be born, what would he or she look like and also when and where would he or she die. All this data is stored in the Guarded Tablet. Sometimes its contents are revised. For instance, there are certain noble acts which add to the life span or increase provisions, or a prayer may change the destiny but all this is within the sphere of His-SWT Knowledge. Also recorded in the Guarded Tablet is the information that the prayer may change the destiny but all this is within the sphere of His-SWT Knowledge. Also recorded in the Guarded Tablet is the information that the prayer of a particular person will benefit in such and such way and a misery would be averted. All these decisions lie in His-SWT Power. To facilitate an easy understanding one must have a complete faith in His-SWT Omnipotence; without it, more analysis will only add to confusions.


The Divine Assurance given to the Holy Prophet-SW that Islam will ultimately prevail and the believers will lead the world will be fulfilled. He-SW must rest assured that this will happen, whether during his-SW lifetime or after he-SW has passed away. His-SW responsibility was only to convey the Divine Commandments to mankind. The reckoning or generating effects on the deeds of people, consequently arranging the events of the world, and to bless the believers with victory and abase the infidels settlements are reducing by the day. All this is happening in the fulfillment of Allaah-SWT ’s Promise and by His-SWT Succour. He-SWT does what pleases Him-SWT and no one can dare avert His-SWT decision. And for sure He-SWT is very Swift in accountability.


Victory and Defeat

The real reason behind the victories of the Companions-RAU, was their obedience to the Holy Prophet-SW, on which Allaah-SWT ’s Promise was based. Today the bane of our lives is our indifference towards his-SW teachings. Even now, if the Muslims revert to Sunnah and strictly adhere to it as a nation, they can once again regain authority and leadership over the entire world.


The non-believers conspire against the Holy Prophet-SW and that is what exactly their predecessors had done. But the final control of all plans and plotting is with Allaah-SWT . No cause in itself is effective, because assigning effects to causes is His-SWT Prerogative. He-SWT is well Aware of the efforts of each individual at employing resources, and brings about the results accordingly. A pious person may succeed by following a certain course of action while a wrong doer may fail using the same method because the effects of causes are influenced by human character. Therefore, the infidels would know fairly soon who is going to succeed and enjoy an eternal blissful abode.


If the infidels deny the Holy Prophet-SW’s raising he must tell them that his-SW Prophethood by no means depends on their acceptance. The One Who-SWT has blessed him with Prophethood is sufficient as a witness and He-SWT has logically endorsed it by turning the events in his favour. The righteous scholars amongst the People of the Book, who have knowledge of the Books, have embraced Islam, further supporting his Prophethood. This also proves that the preceding Books did contain evidence of the Holy Prophet-SW’s raising.