سورة يونس   

Surah Name: Younus-AS Meaning: Jonah

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • By virtue of Revelation, it is a Makkan Surah but has been placed after Surah Taubah in sequence. It continues the same topic, as of Surah Taubah and answers the objections raised by the infidels over the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet-SW. This Surah presents both logical as well as historical answers. Firstly, it proves that Islam logically is the best Code of Life for everyone, and is not merely to be imposed on people. Secondly, it quotes historical evidence of some of the preceding nations; how Allah-SWT blessed those who obeyed Him-SWT , and the end of those who engaged in frivolous arguments, thus failing to embrace Islam
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 11
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 109
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 10
  • Rukū / Section 7 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 11


وَمَا تَكُونُ فِي شَأْنٍ وَمَا تَتْلُو مِنْهُ مِن قُرْآنٍ وَلاَ تَعْمَلُونَ مِنْ عَمَلٍ إِلاَّ كُنَّا عَلَيْكُمْ شُهُودًا إِذْ تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ وَمَا يَعْزُبُ عَن رَّبِّكَ مِن مِّثْقَالِ ذَرَّةٍ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلاَ فِي السَّمَاء وَلاَ أَصْغَرَ مِن ذَلِكَ وَلا أَكْبَرَ إِلاَّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ

Wama takoonu fee shanin wama tatloo minhu min quranin wala taAAmaloona min AAamalin illa kunna AAalaykum shuhoodan ith tufeedoona feehi wama yaAAzubu AAan rabbika min mithqali tharratin fee alardi wala fee a(l)ssamai wala asghara minthalika wala akbara illa fee kitabin mubeen(un)

You are not engaged in any business nor do you recite any part of the Quran, nor do you work, but We-SWT are witness over you when you are engaged therein. And there escapes not your Rabb-SWT the weight of an ant in the earth or the heavens, nor less than that nor greater, but it is in a book luminous.


أَلا إِنَّ أَوْلِيَاء اللّهِ لاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

Ala inna awliyaa Allahi la khawfun AAalayhim wala hum yahzanoon(a)

Lo! Verily the friends of Allaah-SWT ! No fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve.


الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَكَانُواْ يَتَّقُونَ

Allatheena amanoo wakanoo yattaqoon(a)

They who believed and have feared Allaah-SWT .


لَهُمُ الْبُشْرَى فِي الْحَياةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ لاَ تَبْدِيلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللّهِ ذَلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

Lahumu albushra fee alhayati a(l)ddunya wafee alakhirati la tabdeela likalimati Allahithalika huwa alfawzu alAAatheem(u)

For them are glad tidings in the life of the world and in the Hereafter. There is no changing in the Words of Allaah-SWT . That is a mighty achievement.


وَلاَ يَحْزُنكَ قَوْلُهُمْ إِنَّ الْعِزَّةَ لِلّهِ جَمِيعًا هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Wala yahzunka qawluhum inna alAAizzata lillahi jameeAAan huwa a(l)ssameeAAu alAAaleem(u)

And let not their saying grieve you. Verily honour is wholly Allah-SWT's. He-SWT is the Hearer, the Knower.


أَلا إِنَّ لِلّهِ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَات وَمَن فِي الأَرْضِ وَمَا يَتَّبِعُ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ شُرَكَاء إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلاَّ الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلاَّ يَخْرُصُونَ

Ala inna lillahi man fee a(l)ssamawati waman fee alardi wama yattabiAAu allatheena yadAAoona min dooni Allahi shurakaa in yattabiAAoona illa a(l)ththanna wain hum illa yakhrusoon(a)

Lo! Indeed Allah-SWT's is whosoever is in the heavens and whosoever is on the earth. What is it that they follow who call associate-gods besides Allaah-SWT ? They follow but a guess and they are but conjecturing.


هُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ لِتَسْكُنُواْ فِيهِ وَالنَّهَارَ مُبْصِرًا إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَسْمَعُونَ

Huwa allathee jaAAala lakumu allayla litaskunoo feehi wa(al)nnahara mubsiran inna fee thalika laayatin liqawmin yasmaAAoon(a)

He-SWT it is Who has appointed for you the night that you may repose therein and the day enlightening. Surely in that are Signs for a people who listen.


قَالُواْ اتَّخَذَ اللّهُ وَلَدًا سُبْحَانَهُ هُوَ الْغَنِيُّ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَات وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ إِنْ عِندَكُم مِّن سُلْطَانٍ بِهَـذَا أَتقُولُونَ عَلَى اللّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ

Qaloo ittakhatha Allahu waladan subhanahu huwa alghaniyyu lahu ma fee a(l)ssamawati wama fee alardi in AAindakum min sultanin bihatha ataqooloona AAala Allahi ma la taAAlamoon(a)

They say: Allaah-SWT has taken a son. Hallowed be He-SWT -He-SWT , the Self-sufficient! His-SWT is whatever is in heavens and whatever is in the earth. No warranty is there with you for this. Do you ascribe falsely to Allaah-SWT what you know not?


قُلْ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَفْتَرُونَ عَلَى اللّهِ الْكَذِبَ لاَ يُفْلِحُونَ

Qul inna allatheena yaftaroona AAala Allahi alkathiba la yuflihoon(a)

Say you-SW: verily those who forge a lie against Allaah-SWT shall not prosper.


مَتَاعٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ إِلَيْنَا مَرْجِعُهُمْ ثُمَّ نُذِيقُهُمُ الْعَذَابَ الشَّدِيدَ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكْفُرُونَ

MataAAun fee a(l)ddunya thumma ilayna marjiAAuhum thumma nutheequhumu alAAathaba a(l)shshadeeda bima kanoo yakfuroon(a)

A brief enjoyment in the world; then to Us-SWT is their return. Then We-SWT will make them taste a severe torment because they have been disbelieving.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Allah-SWT knows when the Holy Prophet-SW recites from the Quran or is occupied in something else. Rather, the activities of entire mankind are watched by Him-SWT . He-SWT is Aware of the tough routine of the Holy Prophet-SW as well as his-SW efforts and striving in worship. He-SWT is also a witness to the animosity of the infidels and personally observes every pious as well as wicked person. Not only the human activity but also the minutest particle of the universe is obvious to the Omniscient. His-SWT Knowledge is all embracing and befits His-SWT Grandeur. He-SWT has recorded everything in the Guarded Tablet without missing out the movement of a single whit. The Holy Prophet-SW must continue with his-SW mission and should not be deterred by the hostility or animosity of the infidels. He-SW and his-SW truly devoted followers, the friends of Allah-SWT , shall neither fear the future nor grieve over the past. They have been destined for perpetual happiness. And they are the ones who not only claim to love the Holy Prophet-SW but also put their lives at stake for the execution of his mission. In short, they are the perfect combination of faith and practical obedience.


What Is Wilayah?

In these Ayat a great Divine Reward and a unique favour has been mentioned for the Aulia’ The definition of Aulia' has been explained succinctly in a single phrase. They are the people who hold the correct beliefs, and are blessed with such exalted states of Qalb, whereby obedience becomes a second nature to them. And they try their level best not to cross the bounds of obedience. Therefore, those who indulge in innovations or are alienated from practical life cannot be taken as Aulia’. As for the common observation that the Aulia’ face hardships despite fearing Allah-SWT and His-SWT Annoyance much more than others, it has a very simple explanation. The fact is that the Qulub of these noble souls are far above the mundane worries, and while a worldly person becomes desperate and anxious over small things, the Aulia' never experience such desperation. They, on the contrary, thank Allah-SWT incessantly under all circumstances. Dedicating their lives, kindred and wealth to Allah-SWT ’s Cause gives them the utmost pleasure and their primary concern is how to keep their Rabb-SWT pleased. They fear nothing but His-SWT Annoyance, because other than the Prophets-SW no human being is innocent and the possibility of an error, which may invoke Allah-SWT ’s Displeasure, can never be ruled out. Hence propelled by His-SWT Love, they seek from Him-SWT the capacity to remain obedient.


What is Wilayah after all? It is indeed an intangible relationship, which defies definition. However, its impact is that not only ones personal choice and opinion, but also his whole self is foregone and moulded into the cast of Allaah-SWT ’s obedience. Ordinarily the entire creation enjoys a subtle connection with Allah-SWT , but the level enjoyed by human beings by virtue of their conscious cognisance is singular to them. Qazi Thana Ullah Pan! PatiRUA writes in his celebrated commentary of the Quran that the highest level of cognition and association with Allah-SWT is enjoyed by the Holy Prophet-SW. Those fortunate souls who accepted Islam and were blessed with his illustrious company, their Qulub received such lights from his Sacred Qalb that they attained the highest level of Divine Nearness after Prophet's-AS. From those exceptionally blessed souls, that is, the Companions-RAU, the teachings as well as the Barakah of the Holy Prophet-SW passed down to the Tab’ain and in turn to the Tab'a Tab'ain.


Later, as the times and the personalities changed and the number of intermediaries increased, the force or intensity of transmission also dwindled down. It must be remembered that only those souls could qualify as intermediaries who not only toiled to acquire these Barakah from their predecessors but were also blessed with the capacity to transmit them to others. They were termed as Mushai'kh (sing. Sheikh). Hence Wilayah can be attained in the company of a Shaikh and yields dual benefits namely: (1) Correction of beliefs and (2) A spiritual state enabling a person to stand fast on Allah-SWT ’s obedience and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet-SW. This attainment is contingent upon three aspects: (1) Company of a Shaikh, (2) Obeying his instructions and (3) Constant Zikr Allah-SWT ; of course all strictly in the light of Sunnah. Indeed a Shaikh can only be a person who himself adheres to the Sunnah and instills this urge in the seekers. Having Kashf or the Karamah is not a condition of Wilayah. However, given as Allah-SWT ’s Reward, it is an additional honour. Any supernatural ability attained through violation of the Sunnah will be Istadraj (slow drifting to doom), which is ascribed to Satan and not to Karamah. The Aulia’ experience happiness in this world over the relationship they enjoy with Allah-SWT , unmindful of the temporal turmoils and will be exuberant in the Akhirah. Such indeed is the manifestation of His-SWT Favours and this glad tiding is being given by the Almighty Himself-SWT , Whose Words are always true. This is the grand success and the perfect peace.


The Holy Prophet-SW need not bother about those who oppose and conspire against him. They are also a humble creation and whether they believe in him or not they are bound by their limitations while the Sovereignty and Power belong entirely to Allah-SWT . They can neither do what they like nor are their actions hidden from Him-SWT . He-SWT listens and He-SWT knows. He-SWT Alone is the Creator of the entire universe and has blessed everything with its own distinct characteristics. Wherever a person may be, he is afterall Allah-SWT's bondsman. So isn't it foolish to ascribe partners to Allah-SWT and worship deities, which do not even exist? They only pursue their illusions and even if any of their deity has an existence, it is also a humble creation, dependant itself. It cannot possibly stand up against the Almighty. And most of the people follow their hallucinations and worship things, which do not exist.


Allah-SWT is the Creator of nights and days. Had He-SWT not Created nights, one could not have relaxed and sustained himself. He-SWT created it for mankind to take a break after a tiring routine, and lit up the day for them to carry on with their business. A creation, which for its sustenance needs to retire after a day's work and is only then able to work the next morning, certainly does not qualify to be worshipped. Nor can any hopes be pinned on it. For the wise, it is enough food for thought. The unlimited phenomena attached with the alternation of days and nights constitute substantial evidence to make man realize 'the Magnificence of Allah-SWT .


The infidels ascribe a son to Allah-SWT , whereas He-SWT is far above such worldly affairs. He-SWT is the Creator and the Owner, having no one else of His-SWT Kind, while it takes two of a kind to procreate. Hence such a notion is absurd. The Holy Prophet-SW must ask them to bring evidence if they have any in support of their claim or else refrain from inventing lies about Allah-SWT , which indeed is a grave crime. Those who invent lies about Allah-SWT will never be spared, nor will they ever attain any goodness. Even if they manage to gain power or live an ordinary life in this world, it will be miserable, like Hell ablaze inside them! And when they will be finally gathered before Allah-SWT , He-SWT will punish them severely for their denial and polytheism, which are acts of great transgression calling for a painful doom. Their eternal lives, of course, will be condemned to the horrors of Hell permanently.