سورة يونس   

Surah Name: Younus-AS Meaning: Jonah

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • By virtue of Revelation, it is a Makkan Surah but has been placed after Surah Taubah in sequence. It continues the same topic, as of Surah Taubah and answers the objections raised by the infidels over the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet-SW. This Surah presents both logical as well as historical answers. Firstly, it proves that Islam logically is the best Code of Life for everyone, and is not merely to be imposed on people. Secondly, it quotes historical evidence of some of the preceding nations; how Allah-SWT blessed those who obeyed Him-SWT , and the end of those who engaged in frivolous arguments, thus failing to embrace Islam
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 11
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 109
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 10
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 11


قُلْ مَن يَرْزُقُكُم مِّنَ السَّمَاء وَالأَرْضِ أَمَّن يَمْلِكُ السَّمْعَ والأَبْصَارَ وَمَن يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيَّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ الأَمْرَ فَسَيَقُولُونَ اللّهُ فَقُلْ أَفَلاَ تَتَّقُونَ

Qul man yarzuqukum mina a(l)ssamai wa(a)lardi amman yamliku a(l)ssamAAa wa(a)labsara waman yukhriju alhayya mina almayyiti wayukhriju almayyita mina alhayyi waman yudabbiru alamra fasayaqooloona Allahu faqul afala tattaqoon(a)

Say you-SW: who does provide for you from the heaven and the earth, or who does own the ear and the eye, and who does bring forth the living from the lifeless and brings forth the lifeless from the living, and who does dispose the affair? They will then surely say: Allah-SWT Say you-SW: will you not then fear Him-SWT ?


فَذَلِكُمُ اللّهُ رَبُّكُمُ الْحَقُّ فَمَاذَا بَعْدَ الْحَقِّ إِلاَّ الضَّلاَلُ فَأَنَّى تُصْرَفُونَ

Fathalikumu Allahu rabbukumu alhaqqu famatha baAAda alhaqqi illa a(l)ddalalu faanna tusrafoon(a)

Such is Allah-SWT, your rightful Rabb-SWT . What then is after the truth except the error? Where away then are you drifting?


كَذَلِكَ حَقَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ فَسَقُواْ أَنَّهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Kathalika haqqat kalimatu rabbika AAala allatheena fasaqoo annahum layuminoon(a)

In this wise is the Word of your Rabb-SWT justified on those who transgress: they shall not come to believe.


قُلْ هَلْ مِن شُرَكَآئِكُم مَّن يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ قُلِ اللّهُ يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ فَأَنَّى تُؤْفَكُونَ

Qul hal min shurakaikum man yabdao alkhalqa thumma yuAAeeduhu quli Allahu yabdao alkhalqa thumma yuAAeeduhu faanna tufakoon(a)

Say you-SW: is there any of your associate-gods who originates the creation and then repeats it? Say you-SW: Allaah-SWT originates the creation and then shall repeat it. Where away are you then deviating?


قُلْ هَلْ مِن شُرَكَآئِكُم مَّن يَهْدِي إِلَى الْحَقِّ قُلِ اللّهُ يَهْدِي لِلْحَقِّ أَفَمَن يَهْدِي إِلَى الْحَقِّ أَحَقُّ أَن يُتَّبَعَ أَمَّن لاَّ يَهِدِّيَ إِلاَّ أَن يُهْدَى فَمَا لَكُمْ كَيْفَ تَحْكُمُونَ

Qul hal min shurakaikum man yahdee ila alhaqqi quli Allahu yahdee lilhaqqi afaman yahdee ila alhaqqi ahaqqu an yuttabaAAa amman la yahiddee illa an yuhdafama lakum kayfa tahkumoon(a)

Say you-SW: is there any of your associate-gods who guides you to the truth? Say you: Allaah-SWT guides to the truth. Is He-SWT , then, Who-SWT guides to the truth worthier to be followed, or one who finds not the guidance unless he is himself guided? What ails you then? How will you judge!


وَمَا يَتَّبِعُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ إِلاَّ ظَنًّا إَنَّ الظَّنَّ لاَ يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا إِنَّ اللّهَ عَلَيمٌ بِمَا يَفْعَلُونَ

Wama yattabiAAu aktharuhum illa thannan inna a(l)ththanna la yughnee mina alhaqqi shayan inna Allaha AAaleemun bima yafAAaloon(a)

And most of them follow conjecture; verily conjecture does not avail against the truth. Verily Allah is the Knower of what they do.


وَمَا كَانَ هَـذَا الْقُرْآنُ أَن يُفْتَرَى مِن دُونِ اللّهِ وَلَـكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ الْكِتَابِ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Wama kana hatha alquranu an yuftara min dooni Allahi walakin tasdeeqa allathee bayna yadayhi watafseela alkitabi la rayba feehi min rabbi alAAalameen(a)

And this Quran is not such as could be fabricated against Allah-SWT; it is but a confirmation of what is before it, and an expounding of the Decree of which there is no doubt, from the Rabb-SWT of the worlds.


أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ فَأْتُواْ بِسُورَةٍ مِّثْلِهِ وَادْعُواْ مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُم مِّن دُونِ اللّهِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Am yaqooloona iftarahu qul fatoo bisooratin mithlihi wa(o)dAAoo mani istataAAtum min dooni Allahi in kuntum sadiqeen(a)

Do they say: he-SW has fabricated it? Say you-SW: then bring a Surah like it and call upon whomsoever you can beside Allah-SWT , if you are truthful.


بَلْ كَذَّبُواْ بِمَا لَمْ يُحِيطُواْ بِعِلْمِهِ وَلَمَّا يَأْتِهِمْ تَأْوِيلُهُ كَذَلِكَ كَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ فَانظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الظَّالِمِينَ

Bal kaththaboo bima lam yuheetoo biAAilmihi walamma yatihim taweeluhu kathalika kaththaba allatheena min qablihim fa(o)nthur kayfa kana AAaqibatu a(l)ththalimeen(a)

Aye! They have belied what their knowledge could not comprehend and what has not vet been fulfilled. Even so have belied those who were before them; behold then how has been the end of the wrongdoers.


وَمِنهُم مَّن يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ وَمِنْهُم مَّن لاَّ يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ وَرَبُّكَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُفْسِدِينَ

Waminhum man yuminu bihi waminhum man la yuminu bihi warabbuka aAAlamu bi(a)lmufsideen(a)

And of them are some who will believe therein, and of them are some who will not believe therein, and your Rabb-SWT is the Best Knower of the corrupters.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Even if now the infidels do not understand the point, the Holy Prophet-SW may ask them who causes the rain to pour down from the skies and the vegetation to grow. Who creates the bounties of the heaven and the earth and commands them into the service of man? Who has created the air, the atmosphere, springs, animals, a variety of fruits, oils, milk and meat, and other provisions of life? These are the extrinsic things, now have a look inside yourselves. Your sensory organs, for instance your eyes and ears, in spite of being the parts of your body, are controlled by the One on Whose-SWT Command these work and whenever He-SWT wills, they cease to function. And to begin with, Who-SWT transforms a single lifeless drop into a living human being and Who-SWT pushes the living down the abyss of death? And all this is not sudden but in accordance with a meticulously programmed schedule. It is beyond human calculation to keep a record of the births and deaths. No one knows how many human beings, animals, birds, trees, blades of grass, herbs, springs, rivers, clouds and dust particles have experienced death and disappeared from the face of earth, giving way to fresh replacement.


So who masterminds this immensely complex system? Neither an idol, unaware of its own condition, nor a human being, an angel or Jinn can do it. The answer undoubtedly would be that only Allah-SWT is the One Who controls the entire system. So the Holy Prophet-SW must admonish them. They must be ashamed of elevating a humble creation to His level and worshipping it. Of course, He-SWT is the Rabb, Who-SWT gives life, sustains it by catering to each and every need and will subject mankind to accountability. He-SWT will reward the obedient and punish the disobedient; as all these are the aspects of His-SWT Attribute of Providence. This indeed is the truth, and every thing outside its sphere is falsehood and guile. It is not possible that a person remains suspended between Islam and infidelity. Rather, every action and word will either be the truth or falsehood or delusion. Therefore, O' People! Why do you abandon the truth and wander into the wilderness of confusion, inviting destruction. Allah-SWT ’s Words are indeed true; the effects of sin are so adverse that the wicked fail to receive guidance even from the most clear signs. He-SWT reveals that once sins cross a certain limit, they render the heart inert, deprived of the capacity to receive guidance. So such people will not be honoured with faith.


The infidels may be asked, whether their deities have ever created something out of non-existence. Or do they possess the power to resurrect the creation after death? Certainly not, because they are themselves creation and will ultimately taste death and stand before Him-SWT for accountability. Therefore, know clearly that it is only Allah-SWT Who has created everything from nothing. He-SWT gives death and will bring them back to life once again. So why do they wander in utter confusion?


Can their self-proclaimed gods actually guide and steer someone through life to a successful end? Certainly not! It is only Allah-SWT Who informs the mankind over matters of the unseen and reveals the proper ways to evade distress and attain comforts. So should He-SWT Who provides guidance be obeyed, or the idols who have to be lifted from pillar to post, let alone that they would guide anyone? Ironically people claim wisdom but do not seem to exercise it. They make a weird decision by worshipping idols instead of Almighty Allah-SWT !


The fact is that the polytheists are enchained in superstitions and run after mere presumptions. But still they cannot close their eyes to the truth, for an idol cannot do, what Allaah-SWT can. And Allah-SWT is well Aware of their conduct.


The Miracle of Quran

It is not a Book authored by someone else and attributed to Allah-SWT . It is logically impossible because it discusses the historical accounts of eras, which could not possibly have reached contemporary man in correct form in the absence of any means of communication. Not only this but the Quran also endorses the beliefs and tenets preached by the preceding Scriptures and Messengers about Allah-SWT, His-SWT Attributes, the Akhirah and the Angels. It verifies the Divine Scriptures whose believers have gone past while the Scriptures have been distorted with the passage of time. The truth had slipped far beyond human access but the Quran invited mankind to the same eternal realities and verified the preceding Scriptures.


The Quran has also dilated on the scientific topics, for instance, the creation of man and the stages of the development of his physical body. If only one ponders he would realise that at that time there were no means to find out the geographical, physical and metaphysical realities and to formulate cultural norms and moral values, the relationships on personal, familial, communal and national level, as the Quran expounds. It also highlights the relationship of man with his Creator, how it is established and strengthened, and why and how it is undermined. A careful and contemplative evaluation of the Quran will bring out that the facts revealed therein are so universally true that they will never need any correction or amendment. Only Allah-SWT, the Magnificent, can reveal such realities and there is no room for the slightest doubt in it.


The infidels, in case of any doubts, are still invited to produce something as perfectly authentic, valid and exquisite as the Quran. And they are free to call their self-proclaimed gods for assistance. If not the entire Book, they may at least try a single topic, to match the Quran in its literary excellence and authenticity. If it is humanly possible to produce a segment similar to the Quran then the Quran may be human endeavour. But, of course, it is absolutely impossible to produce anything similar to it, which by itself is a proof that the Quran is Allaah-SWT ’s Book.


But their problem is the lack of basic intellect. The capacity to comprehend the truth was duly endowed by Him-SWT but because of their repeated sinning they lost it or thoroughly weakened it. They have plunged into the depths of abjection and the exalted truths stand far above their access. Hence they deny the Quran. Instead of repenting and returning to the truth, they opted for the opposite direction. Still worse, they claimed to be right and His-SWT Book, (Allah-SWT forbid) is wrong.


This indeed is the most perilous behaviour. The devastating consequences of moving on this path can be seen on the canvas of time. The nations, who adopted this attitude and transgressed, met a horrifying fate and all those who follow suit will certainly be wrecked.


Allah-SWT knows that the lucky ones who ponder over His-SWT Signs will surely be blessed with the light of faith, while the unfortunate who slick to disbelief will not escape His-SWT Grip. And He-SWT is well Aware of their conduct.