سورة يونس   

Surah Name: Younus-AS Meaning: Jonah

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • By virtue of Revelation, it is a Makkan Surah but has been placed after Surah Taubah in sequence. It continues the same topic, as of Surah Taubah and answers the objections raised by the infidels over the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet-SW. This Surah presents both logical as well as historical answers. Firstly, it proves that Islam logically is the best Code of Life for everyone, and is not merely to be imposed on people. Secondly, it quotes historical evidence of some of the preceding nations; how Allah-SWT blessed those who obeyed Him-SWT , and the end of those who engaged in frivolous arguments, thus failing to embrace Islam
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 11
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 109
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 10
  • Rukū / Section 2 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 11


وَلَوْ يُعَجِّلُ اللّهُ لِلنَّاسِ الشَّرَّ اسْتِعْجَالَهُم بِالْخَيْرِ لَقُضِيَ إِلَيْهِمْ أَجَلُهُمْ فَنَذَرُ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءنَا فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ

Walaw yuAAajjilu Allahu li(l)nnasi a(l)shsharra istiAAjalahum bi(a)lkhayri laqudiya ilayhim ajaluhum fanatharu allatheena la yarjoona liqaana fee tughyanihim yaAAmahoon(a)

And were Allaah-SWT to hasten ill to the mankind as their desire of hastening the good, their respite would surely have been expired. So We-SWT let alone those who hope not for meeting with Us-SWT , wandering in their exorbitance perplexed.


وَإِذَا مَسَّ الإِنسَانَ الضُّرُّ دَعَانَا لِجَنبِهِ أَوْ قَاعِدًا أَوْ قَآئِمًا فَلَمَّا كَشَفْنَا عَنْهُ ضُرَّهُ مَرَّ كَأَن لَّمْ يَدْعُنَا إِلَى ضُرٍّ مَّسَّهُ كَذَلِكَ زُيِّنَ لِلْمُسْرِفِينَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ

Waitha massa alinsana a(l)ddurru daAAana lijanbihi aw qaAAidan aw qaiman falamma kashafna AAanhu durrahu marra kaan lam yadAAuna ila durrin massahu kathalika zuyyina lilmusrifeena ma kanoo yaAAmaloon(a)

And when harm touches man, he calls Us-SWT on his side, or sitting or standing; when We-SWT have removed his harm from him, he passes on as though he had never called Us-SWT because of the harm that touched him. In this way is made fair seeming to the extravagant what they have been working.


وَلَقَدْ أَهْلَكْنَا الْقُرُونَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَمَّا ظَلَمُواْ وَجَاءتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَمَا كَانُواْ لِيُؤْمِنُواْ كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْقَوْمَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ

Walaqad ahlakna alquroona min qablikum lamma thalamoo wajaathum rusuluhum bi(a)lbayyinati wama kanoo liyuminoo kathalika najzee alqawma almujrimeen(a)

And assuredly We-SWT have destroyed generations before you when they did wrong, while their Messengers-AS came to them with the evidences, and they were not such as to believe. In this way We-SWT requite the sinning people.


ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ خَلاَئِفَ فِي الأَرْضِ مِن بَعْدِهِم لِنَنظُرَ كَيْفَ تَعْمَلُونَ

Thumma jaAAalnakum khalaifa fee alardi min baAAdihim linanthura kayfa taAAmaloon(a)

Then We-SWT appointed you in the land as successors after them that We-SWT might see how you would work.


وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءنَا ائْتِ بِقُرْآنٍ غَيْرِ هَـذَا أَوْ بَدِّلْهُ قُلْ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أُبَدِّلَهُ مِن تِلْقَاء نَفْسِي إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلاَّ مَا يُوحَى إِلَيَّ إِنِّي أَخَافُ إِنْ عَصَيْتُ رَبِّي عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ

Waitha tutla AAalayhim ayatuna bayyinatin qala allatheena la yarjoona liqaana iti biquranin ghayri hatha aw baddilhu qul ma yakoonu lee an obaddilahu min tilqai nafsee in attabiAAu illa ma yooha ilayya innee akhafu in AAasaytu rabbee AAathaba yawmin AAatheem(in)

And whenever Our-SWT clear Revelations are rehearsed to them, those who hope not for the meeting with Us-SWT , say: bring us a Quran other than this or change it. Say you-SW  : it does not lie with me to change it of my own accord; I only follow what is revealed to me; verily I fear, if I disobey my Rabb-SWT , torment of an awful Day.


قُل لَّوْ شَاء اللّهُ مَا تَلَوْتُهُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَلاَ أَدْرَاكُم بِهِ فَقَدْ لَبِثْتُ فِيكُمْ عُمُرًا مِّن قَبْلِهِ أَفَلاَ تَعْقِلُونَ

Qul law shaa Allahu ma talawtuhu AAalaykum wala adrakum bihi faqad labithtu feekum AAumuran min qablihi afala taAAqiloon(a)

Say you-SW  : had Allaah-SWT so willed, I would not have rehearsed it to you, nor would He-SWT have acquainted you therewith. Of a surety I have dwelt with you a lifetime before it. Would you not then reflect?


فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللّهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِآيَاتِهِ إِنَّهُ لاَ يُفْلِحُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ

Faman athlamu mimmani iftara AAala Allahi kathiban aw kaththaba biayatihi innahu la yuflihu almujrimoon(a)

Who then is a greater wrongdoer than he who forges a lie against Allaah-SWT or belies His-SWT Ayat? Surely the culprits shall not prosper.


وَيَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ مَا لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ وَلاَ يَنفَعُهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ هَـؤُلاء شُفَعَاؤُنَا عِندَ اللّهِ قُلْ أَتُنَبِّئُونَ اللّهَ بِمَا لاَ يَعْلَمُ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلاَ فِي الأَرْضِ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

WayaAAbudoona min dooni Allahi ma la yadurruhum wala yanfaAAuhum wayaqooloona haolai shufaAAaona AAinda Allahi qul atunabbioona Allaha bimala yaAAlamu fee a(l)ssamawati wala fee alardi subhanahu wataAAala AAammayushrikoon(a)

And they worship, beside Allah-SWT, what neither harms them nor profits them, and they say: these are our intercessors with Allaah-SWT . Say you: do you presume to apprise Allaah-SWT of what He-SWT knows neither in the heavens nor the earth? Hallowed be He-SWT and Exalted far above what you associate!


وَمَا كَانَ النَّاسُ إِلاَّ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَاخْتَلَفُواْ وَلَوْلاَ كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ فِيمَا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ

Wama kana a(l)nnasu illa ommatan wahidatan fa(i)khtalafoo walawla kalimatun sabaqat min rabbika laqudiya baynahum feema feehi yakhtalifoon(a)

And mankind were but a single community; then they differed. And had not a word from your Rabb-SWT gone forth, it would have been decreed between them regarding what they differed.


وَيَقُولُونَ لَوْلاَ أُنزِلَ عَلَيْهِ آيَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِ فَقُلْ إِنَّمَا الْغَيْبُ لِلّهِ فَانْتَظِرُواْ إِنِّي مَعَكُم مِّنَ الْمُنتَظِرِينَ

Wayaqooloona lawla onzila AAalayhi ayatun min rabbihi faqul innama alghaybu lillahi fa(i)ntathiroo innee maAAakum mina almuntathireen(a)

And they say: how is it that not a Sign is sent down on him from his Rabb-SWT ? Say you-SW  : the hidden belongs to Allaah-SWT Alone; so wait, verily I am with you among those who wait.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Human being is indeed strange in his thinking. It is silly of the non believers to ask why are they not being punished instantly for not accepting Islam? Had this been the mode of punishment, mankind would have perished, and the opportunity to choose or reject would have been lost by them. Obviously they would either have accepted Islam or had perished. How then would they be tested?


Allah-SWT is all Powerful and showers His-SWT innumerable blessings upon people. Just as He-SWT gives life, power or wealth, He-SWT is equally capable of taking everything back in a split second. However, if He-SWT does that as a general rule there will be no chance for human beings to exercise their right to choose. Therefore, man is certainly given respite until a predestined time, though ultimately he cannot evade the punishment for disbelief and denial. In fact those who deny the Akhirah advance further on the path of evil by the day, which is also a form of punishment.


Prayer of A Non Believer Accepted At Times

The non believers are unjustifiably adamant on denial. Every person experiences a moment in his life when he becomes extremely desolate either due to illness or any other trouble. In such a situation he calls out to an all-Powerful Being for help, believing that there is someone who can listen to him, is aware of his distress and is also capable of turning the tide in his favour. This belief is a part of human nature. Allah-SWT by exercising Mercy often alleviates the suffering even of a non believer .But the problem with disbelief is that no feelings of gratitude are generated. And as soon as the suffering is alleviated the non believer becomes oblivious of that Power and begins to ascribe his salvation to his own planning or ploys. This in fact is also a punishment from Allah-SWT .


It proves that a prayer should not be a matter of routine but should be backed by a firm belief that no one save Allaah-SWT is worthy of being called out to. Such a prayer is surely answered. And the prayer of a believer is never turned down, for Allaah-SWT does not refuse even a non believer who calls out to Him-SWT after losing hope from all other quarters. Yet, unfortunately, he forgets Allaah-SWT ’s Favour as soon as he is relieved and instead of gratitude displays arrogance. This attitude appears fair to him and he deems it to be proper. It is indeed a punishment that he mistakes his wrongdoing to be fair and is eventually doomed.


History is a witness to the destruction of many nations who transgressed and were wiped out from the face of the earth. All this did not happen instantly. Allah-SWT's Prophets-AS were duly sent unto them who presented them clear evidences but they refused and stood fast on their wickedness and oppression and were finally destroyed. This is how Allah-SWT punishes the evildoers.


So O’ People! All of you have come after, and for sure, are their successors. You must know that you too will be dealt with in a similar manner. Your conduct and actions will be scrutinized and the path you tread will decide your file.


Quran is a Divine Word and no One can Alter it

The denial of Allah-SWT ’s Greatness and of accountability before Him-SWT has blinded the non believers, whereby they fail to perceive the Quran as Divine Scripture and demand alterations therein. They want a Quran, which does not negate paganism nor admonishes their ancestors and customs. They cannot conceive the idea of abolishing the rituals practised by their ancestors through time. In other words, they have taken Quran as a work of the Holy Prophet-SW.


Tell them O' Prophet-SW, that even you-SW, inspite of your status and exalted Prophethood, cannot make any alteration in Allah-SWT ’s Word at your own accord. Rather, with all sincerity and devotion, you-SW obey what is revealed to your-SW  sacred heart.


Shi'ites' Claim Is Irrational

Just as it is not permissible to change the text of the Quran, a change in its meanings is also not permitted. Therefore, its translation and explanation must be in harmony with the sayings of the Holy Prophet-SW. It is impossible and beyond logic to assert that those who were themselves present when these Ayat were revealed allowed any alterations in the Quran and conceded to an interpolated Book. Whereas the fact is that centuries have gone past witnessing the Quran in its pristine form without the slightest change, even that of a punctuation mark. Hence it is neither permissible nor possible to change any word of the Quran. Those who interpret it to serve their own interest must repent and fear the Day of Reckoning. According to the Holy Prophet-SW even if he-SW  had attempted this, it would have been an act of disobedience, resulting in punishment in the Akhirah and on the Day of Judgement of which he-SAAW  was afraid. Although it was impossible for the Holy Prophet-SW to act in such manner yet his-SW  words are a warning for anyone who alters the Quran. Such an interpolator ought to know that none will escape the punishment for this crime, which is estrangement from Allah-SWT , doom in this world and catastrophy in the Akhirah.


Holy Prophet's Life before Raising- major Logical Evidence of his Prophethood and Revelation

O' Prophet-SW! Tell them: "I have not landed out of the blue but have spent forty years of my life amidst you as a child, as a boy and as a youth. Did you ever hear me say or do or claim anything of the kind before? Or can you cite one incidence of me telling anything but the truth in any matter or seeking knowledge from a recluse or a rabbi or a priest, or have I ever coveted power or wealth? When the answers are in the negative, would 1, Allah-SWT forbid, now at the age of forty lie over Allah-SWT ? Certainly not? For had Allah-SWT not sent His-SWT Revelation unto me, I would never have spoken a word on such a topic, let alone quote Divine Ayat. If you only ponder over this point, you can easily understand the reality."


It should further be noted that attributing anything to Allah-SWT , which He-SWT has not revealed, or denying anything that He-SWT has, is downright wickedness. The one guilty of this crime is indeed an intriguer of the worst order and according to the Divine Law, an evildoer is always at a loss. It is also proven here that a person's merit and capability is logically endorsed by his conduct and previous life.


Commonsense Negates Worshipping Others than Allah-SWT

Ironically the non believers demand logical evidence for Prophethood and the Divine Revelation while at the same time they worship others than Allah-SWT . Their behaviour is self contradicting. A creation itself dependant on its Creator for existence, can do no good or bad to others. Moreover, it is illogical to declare some dependent being as a deity. Mark that obedience because of hope for gain or fear of loss, or a display of humility tantamounts to worship. And to employ the resources at hand in compliance with Allah-SWT's Will is also His-SWT worship. On the contrary reliance on resources or people in defiance of Allah-SWT's Will amounts to worshipping them. When the idolators fail to logically prove their idols as Rabb-SWT they resort to lame excuses, for example, that their idols do not fulfil their needs themselves but recommend them to Allaah-SWT and thus pave the way, as mediators for His-SWT Blessings.


O' Prophet-SW! Are they trying to inform Allah-SWT of some beings not in His-SWT knowledge? Let them know that His-SWT Knowledge is perpetual, eternal and prevalent. Whatever has gone past or is taking place or will tafce place is fully known to Him-SWT . The minutest things of the universe are before Him-SWT . And whatever does not exist in His-SWT Knowledge is indeed non-existent. They only fabricate such myths of their waywardness. Allah-SWT is far above such superstitions and is free of any weaknesses. So no partners can be ascribed to Him-SWT in any form, neither in His-SWT Being nor in His-SWT Attributes. Logically too, only He-SWT deserves to be worshipped; He-SWT Who provides for everyone and is not dependant on anyone Himself-SWT .


Two Groups of Mankind

All human beings originally followed the same practices and lived as one nation. It was disbelief and polytheism, which tore them apart. In other words, it is not proper to classify people on the basis of colour, caste or geographical location. Wherever a believer may be, he is a member of one nation, while the other nation is of the non believers. Similarly the entire community of non believers wherever they may be also form a single nation. In fact there are only two nations in the world, the believers and the non believers. Subdivision on the basis of region or race can merely be an identification but not the nation. Being a Punjabi or a Pathan is not a national identity, which is only Islam, and on this basis all Muslims around the globe are members of Muslim brotherhood. Had Allah-SWT not granted respite to all mankind until a predetermined time all those who gather on polytheism and paganism would have long been destroyed? And all those who defy Allah-SWT would have instantly met their fate. Those whose respite runs out certainly experience the truth, and one day all shall avail it together.


The infidels also ask the Holy Prophet-SW why the miracles they demand are not manifested at his-SW hands, if he is Allah-SWT ’s Messenger-SW? They must be told that their demand and criticism are merely based on ignorance, because the turn of events and the life of the Holy Prophet-SW itself are great miracles. Isn't it a miracle that in the entire society there is only one person who throughout his childhood, youth and adulthood maintains a flawless character? And the Quran by itself is a great miracle, revealing amazing facts, befitting only its own grace, for no one else could ever dare address these topics. Did the non believers benefit from these miracles? Or did they reject these clear signs for acts of sorcery? On what grounds do they now demand a miracle? Obviously there is no need for it. However, if it does come about its timing pertains to the knowledge of the unseen, a prerogative of Allah-SWT Alone. Therefore, they must wait and see what emerges from the unseen and surely the Holy Prophet-SW shall also wait with them.


It is therefore, not appropriate to demand any specific Karamah from a Shaikh. Allaah-SWT may manifest innumerable Karamah at his hands is, however, a separate issue. The greatest of all Karamah is that a Shaikh himself practises obedience to the Holy Prophet-SW and instills the same in his followers.